Beware of Marburg Virus, Ministry of Health Reminds Government and Society not to be careless

Beware of Marburg Virus, Ministry of Health Reminds Government and Society not to be careless, Jakarta – The Government of Indonesia issued a Circular on Precautions for Marburg Virus Disease. Local governments, health service facilities, Port Health Office, health human resources, and related stakeholders are asked to be vigilant against the Marburg virus.

Spokesperson for the Ministry of Health Mohammad Syahril reminded the government and the public not to be complacent about the virus. “We need to maintain early vigilance and anticipate the Marburg virus disease,” said Syahril in his statement, Tuesday, March 28, 2023.

Previously, the World Health Organization (WHO) had received a case report of Marburg disease originating from Equatorial Guinea on Monday, 13 February 2023. So far, no cases or suspicions of Marburg disease have been reported in Indonesia, but the government still asks the public to be vigilant.

Based on case reports received by WHO, there were nine deaths and 16 suspected cases reported in Kie Ntem Province. Symptoms include fever, fatigue (fatigue), bloody vomiting, and diarrhea.

Of the eight samples examined, one sample tested positive for the Marburg virus. The Extraordinary Events (KLB) in Equatorial Guinea that occurred are estimated to have started on 7 February 2023.

Indonesia conducted a rapid risk assessment of Marburg virus disease on 20 February 2023 with the result that the possibility of importing Marburg virus cases into Indonesia is low.

Get to know the Marburg Virus

Marburg virus (filovirus) is one of the deadliest viruses with a fatality rate of up to 88 percent. Marburg virus disease is a rare disease of dengue fever. This virus is in the same family as the Ebola virus. Transmission to humans occurs through direct contact with infected people or animals, or through objects contaminated with the Marburg virus.

Marburg is transmitted through body fluids directly from bats / primates. The natural host bat for the Marburg virus is Rousettus aegyptiacus which is not native to Indonesia and has not been found in Indonesia, but Indonesia has entered the path of this bat mobilization.

The symptoms of this disease are similar to those of other diseases, such as malaria, typhus and dengue fever, which are common in Indonesia. This, according to Syahril, makes it difficult to identify Marburg virus disease.

These symptoms include high fever, headache, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and bleeding. This disease can also cause bleeding from the nose, gums, vagina or through vomit and feces that appear on day 5 to day 7.

There is no vaccine available in the world yet. Vaccines are still under development. Currently there are two vaccines entering phase 1 clinical trials, namely the Sabin vaccine and the Janssen vaccine. “There is no specific drug yet, treatment is symptomatic and supportive, namely treating complications and maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance,” said Syahril.

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